Thursday 5 August 2021

PHP vs Ruby vs Node.js – What is best for your Project in 2021?

The first question that comes to mind while planning to build a website is which programming language is the best choice to build it with. The front-end development process is quite clear, as most web developers work with HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript. When it comes to making a choice for a back-end programming language, the situation is not the same.

To clear your questions and shed some light on the most mainstream server-side programming languages and frameworks, we will investigate the most aggressive backend technologies: PHP, Ruby on Rails (RoR), and Node.Js.

PHP vs Ruby vs Node.js – What is best for your Project in 2021?

Before diving into the article let’s have brief information about these three programming languages.


PHP, established in 1995, is the oldest yet the most popular programming language among web developers. Its popularity has been growing since its establishment. The best part of this programming language is that it is highly scalable, which means you can expand your website on PHP when your business grows.

Ruby on Rails (RoR)

Ruby on Rails or RoR was established in 2005. It is a web-applications framework that was developed in the Ruby programming language. It was launched to make the coding process more fun for the developers and easier to learn. RoR is an open-source framework but it is quite slow when it comes to working on larger files.


Node.Js was launched in 2009 on the V8 engine of the Chrome web browser. Basically, it is not a programming language, rather it is an interpreter of JavaScript. Node.Js is an open-source language with built-in libraries to deal with web requests. Its ecosystem is considered immature because it is quite young and Node.js development companies are still evolving.

PHP, RoR, Node.Js: Comparative Table

Programming Languages PHP RoR Node.Js
Date of Release 08/06/1995 13/12/2005 27/05/2009
License PHP License MIT License MIT License
% of the website using a server-side programming language 79% 2.4% 0.6&
Pros Open-source, easy to use, speed, cross-platform, stable Consistent in standard, fast development, mostly-time efficient High-performance, full-stack, active community
Cons Challenging for large web app development Lack of documentation, low speed Immature ecosystem, weak libraries
CMS WordPress, Drupal, Opencart, Joomla, PrestaShop, Magento Cameleon, Refinery, Radiant, Alchemy, Spina, Locomotive Apestrophe2, Pencilblue, Ghost, Enduro.Js, Keystone.Js
Companies that use Facebook, Wikipedia, MailChimp, Yahoo, Viber, Flickr, WordPress GitHub, Basecamp, Yellow Pages, Airbnb, Shopify PayPal, Uber, Netflix, Twitter, eBay, Linkedin

So which language to pick?

The decision consistently relies upon the project goals, budgets, and deadlines, as every technology can win or lose in certain perspectives to its rivals.

For example, for a project with a low budget, you should decide to employ a full-stack developer, yet you must be prepared that the delivery date can be significantly postponed.

If you want your web application to grow rapidly and don't have any issue with the performance speed, RoR might be the right decision for the project.

If you want a good cost from your project while meeting the deadlines and also want to keep your website scalable and fast, then PHP is the best option for you. To insert an ongoing web application, you will most likely need to add some Node.js code to the back-end of your webpage.

Author Bio :-

Harikrishna Kundariya, a marketer, developer, IoT, ChatBot & Blockchain savvy, designer, co-founder, Director of eSparkBiz Technologies. His 8+ experience enables him to provide digital solutions to new start-ups based on IoT and ChatBot.


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