Saturday, 18 March 2023

Node.js and MySQL: How to Load More Data with Ajax

Node.js is a popular server-side JavaScript runtime that enables developers to build scalable, high-performance applications. One of the most common use cases for Node.js is building web applications that require real-time updates, such as social media platforms, chat applications, and news portals. These applications often require the ability to fetch and display large amounts of data on-demand, without refreshing the entire page. This is where Ajax comes in.

Ajax stands for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, and it allows web pages to update content dynamically without requiring a full page reload. In this tutorial, we will explore how to use Ajax with Node.js and MySQL to load more data on-demand, without requiring a full page refresh.

We will build a simple application that fetches and displays post titles from a MySQL database. The user will be able to click a "Load More" button to fetch additional post titles on-demand, without refreshing the page.

Node.js and MySQL: How to Load More Data with Ajax


To follow along with this tutorial, you should have a basic understanding of Node.js and MySQL. You will also need to have Node.js and MySQL installed on your machine.

Setting up the project

Create a new directory for your project and navigate to it in the terminal. Initialize a new Node.js project by running the following command:

npm init

Follow the prompts to set up your project. Once you have initialized your project, install the following dependencies:

npm install express mysql

First we have to create one table in your MySQL database, so for create table you can run below .SQL script which will create post and insert sample data into that table. So you can easily practice this tutorial in your local computer.

-- Database: `testing`

-- --------------------------------------------------------

-- Table structure for table `post`

  `id` mediumint(8) UNSIGNED NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `post_title` text

-- Dumping data for table `post`

INSERT INTO `post` (`id`, `post_title`) VALUES
(1, 'Insert Update Delete using Stored Procedure in Mysql and PHP - 1'),
(2, 'Insert Update Delete using Stored Procedure in Mysql and PHP - 2'),
(3, 'Insert Update Delete using Stored Procedure in Mysql and PHP - 3 '),
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We will use the Express.js framework to create a simple web server, and the mysql package to connect to our MySQL database.

Create a new file called server.js, and add the following code:

const express = require('express');
const mysql = require('mysql');
const application = express();

const connection = mysql.createConnection({
  host : 'localhost',
  user : 'root',
  password : '',
  database : 'testing'

application.get("/", (request, response) => {
  response.sendFile(__dirname + '/index.html');

application.get("/get_data", (request, response) => {
  const start_index = request.query.start_index;
  const number_of_record = request.query.num_record;
  const sql = `SELECT post_title FROM post ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT ${start_index}, ${number_of_record}`;
  connection.query(sql, (error, results) => {

application.listen(3000, () => {
  console.log('Server started on port 3000');

This code sets up a new Express.js application and creates a new MySQL connection. It also sets up two routes - the "/" route, which serves our HTML file, and the "/get_data" route, which fetches post titles from the database and sends them back to the client as a JSON response.

Create a new file called index.html, and add the following code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Load More Data using Ajax with Node.js & MySQL</title>
    <link href="" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-1BmE4kWBq78iYhFldvKuhfTAU6auU8tT94WrHftjDbrCEXSU1oBoqyl2QvZ6jIW3" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <div class="container mt-5 mb-5">
        <h1 class="text-primary text-center"><b>Load More Data using Ajax with Node.js & MySQL</b></h1>
        <div class="mt-3 mb-3">
            <div class="card">
                <div class="card-header">Post Data</div>
                <div class="card-body">
                    <ul class="list-group mb-3" id="post_data">


                    <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" id="load_button">Load More</button>


        //npm install express mysql

        const post_data = document.querySelector('#post_data');

        const load_button = document.querySelector('#load_button');

        var start_index = 0;

        var number_of_record = 10;


        load_button.addEventListener('click', () => {



        function load_data()
            load_button.innerHTML = 'wait...';

            load_button.disabled = true;


                const request = new XMLHttpRequest();

      'GET', `/get_data?start_index=${start_index}&num_record=${number_of_record}`);

                request.onload = () => {

                    const results = JSON.parse(request.responseText);

                    let html = '';

                    if(results.length > 0)
                        results.forEach(result => {

                            html += '<li class="list-group-item">' + result.post_title + '</li>';




                        load_button.innerHTML = 'Load More';

                        load_button.disabled = false;
                        html += '<li class="list-group-item active">No More Data Found</li>';


                    post_data.innerHTML = post_data.innerHTML + html;

                    window.scrollTo(0, document.body.scrollHeight);


            }, 1000);


To make use of this code, you need to create an HTML file where you will include the necessary JavaScript code. In this example, we have created an index.html file that includes the Bootstrap CSS library.

The HTML file has a container with a card that has a header called "Post Data." Under the header, we have a list group with an ID called "post_data" where we will append the fetched data. Below the list group, we have a button with an ID called "load_button" that will be used to load more data.

In the JavaScript code, we start by selecting the list group and the button element using the document.querySelector method. We also set the start_index and number_of_record variables to 0 and 10, respectively, and then we call the load_data function with these parameters.

The load_data function sets the load_button text to "wait..." and disables the button to prevent multiple clicks. We then create a new XMLHttpRequest object and set the request URL to "/get_data" with the start_index and num_record parameters. We also set the onload event handler to parse the JSON response and append the results to the list group. We then set the load_button text to "Load More" and enable the button. If the results array is empty, we append a message to the list group indicating that there is no more data to load and remove the button.

Finally, we append the HTML content to the list group and scroll to the bottom of the page. When the user clicks the load_button, the load_data function is called again, but with an updated start_index parameter, which fetches the next set of data.

In conclusion, by using Node.js and MySQL together, you can easily load more data with Ajax. This technique can be useful when working with large datasets or when you want to minimize the initial load time of your page. By following the steps outlined in this article and by modifying the code to fit your specific needs, you can create a dynamic and responsive website that will impress your users.


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